What Is Hyperthyroidism and How to Deal With It?

The thyroid gland is such a ‘plain’ organ of the human body that hardly anybody pays attention to it. Nevertheless, it is important to check the thyroid gland regularly, as increase of its function can cause a disease such as hyperthyroidism. Our article will explain you what it is and how to manage this disease.


Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

This disease is considered a clinical syndrome, which is characterized by too high hormonal activity of the thyroid gland. During the disease, this organ produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones that supersaturate the blood and accelerate all metabolic processes in the body. Hyperthyroidism often affects young women.

Hyperthyroidism have the following symptoms:

  • Rapid heart rate,
  • Excessive sweating,
  • Nervous and restless conditions,
  • Irritability,
  • Loss of strength,
  • Insomnia,
  • Increased body temperature,
  • Dry skin,
  • Thirst,
  • Weight loss,
  • Vomiting, nausea, gastric disturbance,
  • Menstrual disorder.

On the outside, hyperthyroidism can be recognized by strongly bulging eyes and sort of swollen anterior part of the neck.


Causes of the disease

The disease can occur due to:

  • Infections that get into the body,
  • Stressful situations,
  • Psychological trauma,
  • Genetic predisposition,
  • Misuse of drugs that contain thyroid hormones,
  • Unhealthy diet.

How to treat hyperthyroidism?

If you have hyperthyroidism, it is important to adjust your diet:

  • Exclude coffee and chocolate,
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables,
  • Eat food that contain a lot of protein (meat, milk, etc.).

When the disease is at an early developmental stage, the doctor can recommend thyreostatic agents, as well as antithyroid agents that regulate the thyroid gland functioning. If after a prolonged course of medicine therapy the symptoms there are still symptoms of the disease, the doctor prescribes treatment with radioactive iodine or surgery.


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11.1.18  20:20