Cholera is considered as one of the most dangerous infections, which took millions of souls before antibiotics were invented. This disease is intestinal, characterized by severe diarrhoea and dehydration of the body. Cholera can occur in both adults and children, but the development of the disease in little children is very difficult, which often leads to death in case of untimely treatment. So how cholera in new-borns is treated?
During the disease latent period (lasting from a couple of hours to 5 days), a child feels very bad: it suffers from strong gastric disturbance, sickliness, and frequent vomiting.
In addition, symptoms of cholera in a baby are the following:
Cholera is rare in infants and babies under 1 year of age. It is mainly transmitted from the mother or siblings, but the course of the disease is severe and it causes serious complications.
Cholera is usually caused by a special cholera vibrio or Е1 Тог microbe. After vibrio enters the baby’s intestines, it starts actively reproducing. Such microbes survive at low temperature and warm weather, but sun rays, boiling, drying and the influence of disinfectants are fatal for them. The cholera vibrio is also sensitive to many antibiotics.
How can a baby get cholera? From other sick children and adults. Those, who get sick with cholera, evolve vibrios, which “settle down” in soil, water, food products (meat and fish, milk, etc.). In addition, a baby can easily become ill with cholera, if it often licks dirty objects, hands, and also shares a dummy or a spoon.
After the vibrio enters the small intestine of the child and actively reproduces, a very strong toxin develops that causes inflammation, a constant release of water and faecal masses, and vomiting.
Remember that treating cholera yourself means exposing your child to a fatal risk. If you notice a strong thirst, frequent diarrhoea, vomiting and low temperature in your baby, it should be immediately hospitalized.
In case of cholera, a doctor prescribes certain antibiotics and urgent replacement of the lost fluid. It is not uncommon that special solutions are administered to the child’s veins of the hands and feet for its rapid recovery, and once the child’s general state improves, liquid intake and diet are prescribed.
To prevent cholera, it is necessary to comply with measures to avoid the spread of cholera vibrio. It is important to: