12.2.18

Epidemic Parotitis: How to Treat Mumps?

There are many myths about such a disease as epidemic parotitis: for example, that it occurs only in childhood, that only boys need the vaccine, or that it is impossible to get sick for the second time. For all they say mumps is an acute infectious disease that can manifest itself in both adults and children, and has serious consequences.

 

How can you get parotitis?

Mumps often affects the glandular organs and the nervous system and is characterized by fever and severe intoxication.

Mumps is caused by an environmentally stable virus that penetrates into the body through the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract. A high incidence of mumps is usually observed in winter and spring, but in general, the disease periodically manifests itself throughout the year.

Most often, mumps affects infants and children aged 3 to 6. If children do not get a special vaccine on time, they will be susceptible to mumps for life. The vaccine provides persistent immunity for about 20 years.

Where does the virus come from? An infected person, who spreads the infection by airborne transmission or through household items (which are stained with saliva), is the source of the virus. Infection is most likely to be present in places with high population density, mass respiratory diseases and problems with the immune system.

 

The disease symptoms

At first, within 2 to 3 weeks after the virus gets into the body, the symptoms of the disease cannot be defined at all, since the virus only strengthens and replicates.

After a certain time, the virus enters the blood, and after that:

  • Temperature significantly increases (usually in the evening)
  • Intoxication manifests itself (weakness, muscle pain)

The fact that the disease progresses can be defined by enlarged submandibular or parotid salivary glands.

The signs that excretory ducts are blocked include:

  • Dryness of the mouth cavity
  • Increase of the affected area
  • Pain when touching the affected area
  • Formless dough-like swelling

When the virus maximally accumulates in the gland tissues, it penetrates into the blood again, and the infection reaches other glandular organs or the nervous system. This affects the following organs:

  • Testicles/ovaries
  • Spinal and brain maters
  • Peripheral nerves
  • Pancreas

In addition to that, when the virus enters the blood again, meningeal symptoms may appear: inability to touch the chest with the chin in prone position, bending at the knees or hips when trying to incline the head to the chest, inability to extend the bent knee. If a patient has at least one of these symptoms, they should be immediately hospitalized.

 

How to treat and how to prevent?

To treat parotitis, it is important to follow certain recommendations, for example:

  • Bed rest
  • Keep the fortified diet
  • Increased fluid intake
  • Use antiviral drugs and immunostimulants
  • Use antipyretics with analgesic effect
  • Dry diathermy of the affected area

The form of the mumps that affects the glands can be treated at home, but any other parotitis “variation” (pancreatitis, meningitis, etc.) should be observed by the doctor only at hospital.


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12.2.18  14:59