12.2.18

Scarlet fever: How to Deal With It

Do you remember the poem by Korney Chukovsky? ‘Can it be true? Is this some trick? Your children have been taken sick? — Yes, yes, yes! They have the flu, malaria and scarlet fever, too…’ Enough is said. Scarlet fever is too serious to ignore it.

 

What is the danger of the scarlet fever?

This infectious disease is acute and manifests itself as:

  • Fever
  • Rashes in the form of dots throughout the body
  • General intoxication
  • Inflammatory process in the area of palatine tonsils

What causes scarlet fever? It occurs due to the penetration of streptococci into the body. These bacteria, in their turn, cause the appearance of the erythrogenic toxin, which causes rash.

The disease is spread by airborne transmission from those, who already have angina or scarlet fever.

Infection amplifies mainly in tonsils, but the result of its spread is an acute inflammatory process of the epidermis. Similar to angina, scarlet fever must be treated, otherwise a person may develop metatonzillar diseases (myocarditis, rheumatism, glomerular kidney disease).

Most often, this disease is observed in children. After a person went through scarlet fever, they have a strong immunity to it.

 

What does the disease look like?

The onset of the disease is acute, as the infected person can get a very high body temperature, which is accompanied by chills. In addition to that, the following symptoms appear:

  • Sickliness
  • Headache
  • Painful swallowing
  • Convex rash in the form of merging dots on the upper part of the body (on the first day of the disease; there are many dots especially in the armpits and in the crease of the arms)
  • Itching
  • Redness of the lips
  • Appearance of a bright blush
  • Rash on the forehead

Scarlet fever causes inflammation and enlargement of lymph nodes on both sides of the lower jaw both in children and in adults. Rash and high temperature persist up to 4 days, and then slowly disappear.

In addition, the symptoms of the disease include:

  • Bright red colour of the palatine arches and uvula, as well as tonsils
  • Appearance of pustules on the tonsils
  • Skin flaking (on Day 5 or 6 and up to 3 weeks)

 

How to treat the disease?

Similar to angina, it is necessary to treat scarlet fever at home. If there are complications resulting from inadequate disease treatment, it is necessary to hospitalize the patient.

Drug therapy includes antibiotics, antihistamines, vitamins and calcium gluconate. You can also gargle with a chamomile decoction and drink plenty of warm liquid.

To prevent the disease, it is important to isolate the infected person in another room and make sure that the patient uses individual tableware and towel. Isolation can be finished only after the patient recovery, but this cannot happen earlier than 10 days after the disease onset.

Small children, who go to kindergarten or 1-2 grade in school, can return to their usual educational regime only after they will have been in isolation at home for about 2 weeks until they are fully recovered.


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12.2.18  15:08