Demodecosis is a skin disease caused by micro-mite of Demodex genus, which inhabits the ducts of the human skin. This microorganism is observed in 90 % of people, but many of them do not know about its existence, and someone, on the contrary, struggles with the consequences provoked by it.
Demodecosis is manifested when its causative agent, mite, begins to multiply at a rapid rate, which causes unpleasant sensations to a person. Until now, it has not been established exactly why this microorganism multiplies, but it is known that there are factors directly influencing this process:
All of the above provokes the production of an excessive amount of sebum, which is a favourable environment for reproduction of Demodex mite.
Demodecosis itself is not a very serious disease, but it can be dangerous if a bacterial infection that causes severe inflammation joins it.
Who can get demodecosis? Most often, people suffering from this disease have a sensitive, often reddening and friable skin. Demodecosis is mostly a woman’s disease, as men rarely use cosmetics and, moreover, shave, which helps to remove the skin particles in which mite is located.
Demodecosis manifests itself in different ways, depending on the number of mites that reproduce, skin type and human health. The main sign of the disease is an inflammatory rash on the face and eyelids.
There are several stages of the disease, but itching of the affected area is characteristic for all of them, which increases in the evening and at night.
Demodecosis is manifested in the form of inflammation of the skin on the face, which is not eliminated by conventional cosmetics. The woman feels that there are acne and pink pustules on her face, sebum secretion increased, and the skin itself looks tainted (grey- or purple-shaded). It should be noted that demodecosis may also lead to conjunctivitis.
Inflammatory rash gives many unpleasant sensations, because people often attempt to eliminate it by mechanical means, which leads to the formation of scabs and bluish “squashed” areas. Constant “scratching” and squeezing out rashes causes the spread of a purulent infection that can affect other places on the body.
The problem of the disease is that a person can become unsocial and cease to lead a habitual way of life because of the unattractive appearance. Demodecosis can lead to:
Treatment of the disease means not to the elimination of mites from the skin (because they are frequent “guests” even in healthy people, and it is impossible to get rid of them forever), but the complete elimination of all external signs of the disease.
To do this, it is important to use anti-inflammatory ointments and antiparasitic agents in the form of gels. Preparations containing alcohol dry the skin, which leads to the increased secretion of sebum. That is why you need to consult a doctor before choosing a suitable remedy to treat demodecosis.
Treatment of the disease is facilitated by electrophoresis and medicinal baths for the eyes.
Preventive measures to avoid the development of the disease include: