Diseases associated with vascular and cardiac disorders represent one of the main problems of modern physicians. All over the world, physicians diligently plug away on development of new methods for diagnosing such diseases at early stages and, consequently, their treatment methods. But what can be done if cardialgia troubles you now?
Why is cardialgia hazardous?
Often, cardiac and vascular diseases develop gradually and can remain in the background for a very long time. We commonly find out that we have a cardiac disease when the pathology already cannot be prevented (for example, after an incurred heart attack). The situation can be saved only by early diagnostics of cardiac and vascular disorders, which helps revealing the problem and eliminating it in a manner rapidest and safest for a patient.
If the problem is disregarded, this may lead to very serious consequences, precluding full-fledged and healthy life. However, if you are aware of symptoms of developing cardiac disease and identify them at early stage, you can consult a doctor timely and prevent the disaster.
Symptoms of cardiac and vascular diseases
Cardiac and vascular diseases have many early signs, which frequently resemble symptoms of other diseases. That is why if you notice any of the conditions listed below, try to consult your doctor immediately, so as to prevent the development of a hazardous disease, if needed.
Thus, the symptoms of cardiac diseases include the following:
- Sleep disorders, anxiety, fainting,
- Dry cough (if expectorants do not help, and cough manifests itself when you are in supine position, this is often indicative of cardiac problems)
- Paleness and malaise (these signs can be the evidence of vascular spasm, anaemia, inflammatory rheumatic diseases, as well as cardioneurosis etc.)
- Hyperthermia or fever (can occur in case of myocardial infarction, pericarditis, endocarditis, etc.)
- Increased blood pressure (if breath control is disregarded, blood pressure is persistently high all the time, and the pulse is very slow, very frequent, or arrhythmic, this is indicative of cardiac muscle dysfunction or coronary heart disease)
- Palpitation or heart “freezing” (this is an obvious sign of such diseases as angina pectoris, cardiac failure, tachycardia, asthmatic myocardial infarction)
- Dyspnoea (if you feel shortness of breath, this can be indicative of cardiac failure or angina pectoris, as well as asthmatic myocardial infarction)
- Oedema (if visible oedemas appear at the end of the day, this can be a sign of cardiac failure)
- Motion sickness and vertigo (warning of potential soon onset of stroke, visual analyser and middle ear diseases, as well as increased blood pressure)
- Vomiting and nausea (these symptoms can be equally indicative of food intoxication or gastric diseases, or complications associated with vessels or heart)
- Pain feelings resembling degenerative spine disease (pain in shoulder, left arm, wrist, neck, jaw, between shoulder blades can be indicative of angina pectoris and infarction)
- Pain sensations in chest (when it feels like everything inside is compressed, squeezed, and kind of burning, and the pain itself is smarting and acute, this is often indicative of angina pectoris, atherosclerosis of coronary vessels, aneurism, etc.)
Each of the above symptoms can be a “wake-up call” for your health, so do not hesitate and consult your doctor as soon as possible. The specialist will prescribe you all necessary check ups and will help to diagnose the disease and its cause in a timely manner.
Causes of the problem and useful recommendations
For today, many people experience vascular and cardiac disorders due to the effects of social and environmental factors. Nevertheless, there are other causes of cardiac diseases, which can be controlled by a man.
- Unhealthy diet (consumption of fatty food, junk food, soft drinks and other “chemical” products exerts negative effects on the general health and the heart in particular)
- Smoking (this habit induces palpitations and increased blood pressure)
- Consumption of alcoholic beverages and narcotic substances (alcohol in high doses causes increased blood pressure, provokes cardiac failure and stroke; narcotic drugs lead to metabolic disorders in cardiac muscle and can lead to arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, or stroke)
- Sanitary-hygienic conditions (cardiac diseases can be induced by viruses and bacteria, drugs causing allergy etc.)
- Hypodynamia (sedentary lifestyle exerts negative effects on human health and causes weakening of cardiac muscle and vascular walls).
It is worth mentioning that one of the causes of cardiovascular system problems can be a genetic (hereditary) factor. Nevertheless, you can timely identify this and take all measures for the maintenance of your health.
In order to prevent a cardiac disease, attention should be focused on preventive measures:
- Non-smoking status and abstinence from alcoholic beverages
- Refusal from fatty and fried food
- Use of tonometers at home setting for routine measurement of cardiovascular pressure
- Physical exertion (dancing, swimming, cycling, walking, etc.)
- Routine cholesterol and sugar blood testing (once or twice annually) and medical examination.