5.3.18

Should I Treat Hypotension?

There are different opinions whether arterial hypotension can be considered a serious disease. Some experts argue that hypotension is characterized by a vast number of clinical symptoms and therefore requires treatment. Other believe that this condition is an individual feature of the body and cannot lead to serious consequences and complications. Who is right?

 

How does hypotension manifest itself?

Hypotension is a long-standing condition and is characterized by steady low blood pressure not exceeding 100 mm Hg (top) and 60 mm Hg (bottom). Such “steadiness” makes certain impact on the person’s appearance: he/she may experience excessive sweating in palms and feet, pallor, and the body temperature drops to 36°C.

Signs attributable to hypotension also include the following:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • General uneasiness
  • Reduced working capacity
  • Irritability and emotional outbursts
  • Absent-mindedness
  • Bad mood
  • Nausea
  • Heaviness in the stomach
  • Bitter taste in the mouth
  • Heartburn
  • Decreased appetite
  • Constipation
  • Reduction in vision
  • Heart rhythm disorder
  • Reduced sexual potency
  • Disturbed menstrual cycle
  • Panic attacks
  • Fainting

Those who suffer from hypotension note that they often wake up in the morning feeling already tired, and only a few hours later, their working capacity is restored (but for a short while – during the day, weakness still takes over several more times).

Under high exertion, hypotensive patients suffer from shortness of breath and fast heartbeat, frequently experiencing pain in the heart region. If a hypotensive patient is sitting, and then rises abruptly, he may experience darkening of vision and even fall into a faint. People with this diagnosis often cannot tolerate staying in a frowzy room and try to walk and move more (motionlessness disturbs them).

Hypotensive patients are usually very sensitive to weather changes – it is difficult for them to tolerate hot weather, while cloudy weather and rain negatively affect their well-being straight away.

Sometimes, hypotension might not manifest itself in the form of the above symptoms, remaining “latent” for many years. Most times, a hypotensive patient may have only one sign of the disease (for example, weather sensitivity or weakness), to which he eventually becomes accustomed.

 

Why do I experience low blood pressure?

Hypotension can occur due to the following:

  1. A genetic factor
  2. Certain disease

Whereas in the first case, the presence of the low blood pressure is, for instance, a characteristic feature of the father’s or mother’s body, and is inherited, in the second case, hypotension may occur in the setting of a disease (ulcer, hepatitis, etc.) or under the action of some drugs.

Often, hypotension becomes a problem of women at the age between 30 and 40 years old engaged in intellectual activity. Such low blood pressure can be seen in professional athletes. Blood pressure frequently drops as a result of abrupt climatic changes and represents a temporary condition.

When comparing hypotension with other cardiac and vascular problems, this disease may seem quite harmless. Nevertheless, low blood pressure can cause a lot of discomforts that significantly affect person’s quality of life.

Factors predisposing to occurrence of hypotension include the following:

  • Stressful situations
  • Psychological overload
  • Depressed state
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Neurocirculatory asthenia
  • Gastric ulcer
  • Arrhythmia, myocarditis, cardiac failure
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Infectious diseases
  • Oncological diseases
  • Spinal disorders
  • Poisoning
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Body dehydration
  • Vitamin deficiency in the body (seasonal hypovitaminosis, vitamin deficiency when keeping to a diet)
  • Administration of certain drugs
  • Sleeping too much

 

Can hypotension be treated?

Primary hypotension can be treated not so much using pharmaceutical drugs, as by persistently keeping proper and healthy lifestyle. If, however, hypotension was triggered by some disease, all efforts should be in the first place focused on curing this particular disease.

So what actions should be taken? Remember that you should regularly:

  • Monitor your blood pressure using a blood pressure meter (both at work and at home),
  • Be physically active (walk a lot, do fitness workouts and play sports games, swim, and run)
  • Find more time to proper rest (it is important that you determine by yourself how many hours you need to get enough sleep at the same time feeling refreshed and not slack)
  • Do light morning exercises right in bed, and only after that get up slowly (if experiencing frequent dizziness due to sudden changes in body position)
  • Drink tonic beverages (for example, coffee or tea), however, in moderation
  • Train vessels – shower with cold water, take alternating showers, take steam bath or sauna
  • Go for a massage (this may include hydromassage)
  • Take aromatherapy sessions
  • Do exercises from the set of remedial gymnastics
  • Take care of food quality (it is important to drink as much water as possible, give up alcohol and smoking, select healthy foods, eat small portions, and not to eat too hot and salty foods)
  • Carefully adhere to doctor’s instructions on taking certain drugs (in this case, the doctor may prescribe herbal medicines and vitamin complexes, as well as antidepressants, antioxidants, etc.)

Listen to your body and stay healthy!


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5.3.18  11:35