There are different opinions whether arterial hypotension can be considered a serious disease. Some experts argue that hypotension is characterized by a vast number of clinical symptoms and therefore requires treatment. Other believe that this condition is an individual feature of the body and cannot lead to serious consequences and complications. Who is right?
Hypotension is a long-standing condition and is characterized by steady low blood pressure not exceeding 100 mm Hg (top) and 60 mm Hg (bottom). Such “steadiness” makes certain impact on the person’s appearance: he/she may experience excessive sweating in palms and feet, pallor, and the body temperature drops to 36°C.
Signs attributable to hypotension also include the following:
Those who suffer from hypotension note that they often wake up in the morning feeling already tired, and only a few hours later, their working capacity is restored (but for a short while – during the day, weakness still takes over several more times).
Under high exertion, hypotensive patients suffer from shortness of breath and fast heartbeat, frequently experiencing pain in the heart region. If a hypotensive patient is sitting, and then rises abruptly, he may experience darkening of vision and even fall into a faint. People with this diagnosis often cannot tolerate staying in a frowzy room and try to walk and move more (motionlessness disturbs them).
Hypotensive patients are usually very sensitive to weather changes – it is difficult for them to tolerate hot weather, while cloudy weather and rain negatively affect their well-being straight away.
Sometimes, hypotension might not manifest itself in the form of the above symptoms, remaining “latent” for many years. Most times, a hypotensive patient may have only one sign of the disease (for example, weather sensitivity or weakness), to which he eventually becomes accustomed.
Hypotension can occur due to the following:
Whereas in the first case, the presence of the low blood pressure is, for instance, a characteristic feature of the father’s or mother’s body, and is inherited, in the second case, hypotension may occur in the setting of a disease (ulcer, hepatitis, etc.) or under the action of some drugs.
Often, hypotension becomes a problem of women at the age between 30 and 40 years old engaged in intellectual activity. Such low blood pressure can be seen in professional athletes. Blood pressure frequently drops as a result of abrupt climatic changes and represents a temporary condition.
When comparing hypotension with other cardiac and vascular problems, this disease may seem quite harmless. Nevertheless, low blood pressure can cause a lot of discomforts that significantly affect person’s quality of life.
Factors predisposing to occurrence of hypotension include the following:
Primary hypotension can be treated not so much using pharmaceutical drugs, as by persistently keeping proper and healthy lifestyle. If, however, hypotension was triggered by some disease, all efforts should be in the first place focused on curing this particular disease.
So what actions should be taken? Remember that you should regularly:
Listen to your body and stay healthy!